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GRANT - Privileges in GRANT and REVOKE

This page contains a list of user privileges that may be granted or revoked. Use the MySQL statement, GRANT to grant a user these privileges, and the REVOKE statement to revoke them.

Syntax

Below is the syntax for this command. Text within square brackets (i.e, [ and ] ) are optional. Choices are separated by bars (i.e, | ). Ellipses preceded by a comma indicates a repeating pattern. Ellipses before or after syntax are used to highlight a relevant except from the larger syntax. Text displayed in italic letters represent text that should be replaced with the specific names related to the database (e.g., column with the name of the column).


           

Explanation

ALL [PRIVILEGES]

Grants all of the basic privileges. Does not include GRANT OPTION.

ALTER

Allows use of the ALTER TABLE statement.

ALTER ROUTINE

Allows the user account to alter or drop stored routines. This includes the ALTER FUNCTION and ALTER PROCEDURE statements, as well as the DROP FUNCTION and DROP PROCEDURE statements.

CREATE

Grants CREATE TABLE statement privileges.

CREATE ROUTINE

Allows the user account to create stored routines. This includes the CREATE FUNCTION and CREATE PROCEDURE statements. The user has ALTER ROUTINE privileges to any routine he creates.

CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES

Allows the CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES statement to be used.

CREATE USER

Allows the user account to execute several user account management statements: CREATE USER, RENAME USER, REVOKE ALL PRIVILEGES, and the DROP USER statements.

CREATE VIEW

Allows the CREATE VIEW statement. This was first enabled in version 5.0.1 of MySQL.

DELETE

Allows the DELETE statement to be used.

DROP

Allows the user to execute DROP TABLE and TRUNCATE statements.

EVENT

Allows the user account to create events for the event scheduler. As of version 5.1.12 of MySQL, this privilege allows the use of the CREATE EVENT, ALTER EVENT, and the DROP EVENT statements.

EXECUTE

Allows the execution of stored procedures. This is available as of version 5 of MySQL.

FILE

Allows the use of SELECT . . . INTO OUTFILE and LOAD DATA INFILE statements to export from and import to a file.

GRANT OPTION

Allows the use of the GRANT statement to grant privileges to users. This option is specified with the WITH clause of the GRANT statement.

INDEX

Allows the use of CREATE INDEX and DROP INDEX statements.

INSERT

Allows the use of INSERT statements.

LOCK TABLES

Allows the use of LOCK TABLES statements for tables for which the user has SELECT privileges.

PROCESS

Allows the use of SHOW FULL PROCESSLIST statements.

REFERENCES

This is not used. It's for future releases.

RELOAD

Allows the use of FLUSH and RESET statements.

REPLICATION CLIENT

Allows the user to query master and slave servers for status information.

REPLICATION SLAVE

Required for replication slave servers. Allows binary log events to be read from the master server.

SELECT

Allows the use of the SELECT statement.

SHOW DATABASES

Permits the use of the SHOW DATABASES statement for all databases, not just the ones for which the user has privileges.

>SHOW VIEW

Allows the use of the SHOW CREATE VIEW statement. This is for version 5.0.1 and above of MySQL.

SHUTDOWN

Allows the use of the shutdown option with the mysqladmin utility.

SUPER

Allows use of CHANGE MASTER, KILL, PURGE MASTER LOGS, and SET GLOBAL statements, and the debug option with the command-line utility mysqladmin.

TRIGGER

Allows the user account to create and drop triggers: the CREATE TRIGGER and the DROP TRIGGER statements.

UPDATE

Allows the use of the UPDATE statement.

USAGE

Used to create a user without privileges, or to modify resource limits on an existing user without affecting the existing privileges.