STDDEV_SAMP( )

This MySQL function returns the sample standard deviation of the given column.

Syntax

Below is the syntax for this command. Text within square brackets (i.e, [ and ] ) are optional. Choices are separated by bars (i.e, | ). Ellipses preceded by a comma indicates a repeating pattern. Ellipses before or after syntax are used to highlight a relevant except from the larger syntax. Text displayed in italic letters represent text that should be replaced with the specific names related to the database (e.g., column with the name of the column).

STDDEV_SAMP(expression)

Explanation

This function returns the sample standard deviation of the given column. It's normally used in conjunction with a GROUP BY clause specifying a unique column, so that values are compared for each unique item separately. It returns NULL if no matching rows were found. It was added in version 5.0.3 of MySQL for compliance with SQL standards.

Examples

SELECT CONCAT(name_first, SPACE(1), name_last) AS rep_name,
AVG(sale_amount) AS avg_sale_per_ticket, 
STDDEV_POP(sale_amount) AS population_std_dev,
STDDEV_SAMP(sale_amount) AS sample_std_dev
FROM sales 
JOIN sales_reps USING(sales_rep_id)
GROUP BY sales_rep_id;

This SQL statement uses several aggregate functions: AVG( ) to determine the average sale for each sales rep, STDDEV_POP( ) to determine how much each sale made by each sales rep tends to vary from each one's average sale, and STDDEV_SAMP( ) to determine the standard deviation from the average based on a sample of the data.